• Interaction between periodontitis and diabetes

Interaction between periodontitis and diabetes has been known for a long time, diabetes is recognized as risk factors of periodontal inflammation and periodontal inflammation is considered the 6th complication of diabetes

However, more recent evidence to confirm and clarify the impact of diabetes on periodontal disease and periodontal back on glycemic control.

Effect of diabetes on periodontal health (The epidemiological evidence and clinical)

A canonical investigation that is carried out on Pima Aboriginal groups living in Arizona, U.S. incidence of type 2 diabetes highest in the world (50% in people over 35 years old). In this population, the rate of tooth loss and 15-fold higher risk of inflammatory periodontal disease 3 times higher than other population groups. Overall results showed that the risk of periodontal disease in diabetics increased from 2 to 4 times higher than in non-diabetics.

Factors related to periodontal tissue destruction is recognized as the status of glycemic control, duration of diabetes (> 10 years,> 35 years) and the presence of diabetic complications. On average, 25% of diabetic patients with poor glycemic control adhesion loss> 5 mm compared with 10% of patients with good glycemic control. Notably, the rate of loss of adhesion in patients with other non-controlled diabetes who do not.

The impact of periodontal infection on diabetes

Periodontal infections make poor glycemic control and is a major risk for chronic complications of diabetes. The study showed that maintaining good blood sugar control and slow the progression of the microvascular complications in patients with type 1 diabetes and type 2, 16% reduced risk of myocardial infarction and sudden death.

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